Strategies: poker tips
Many of the novice poker players are quite successful no-limit hold’em players at low limits, but when they try to rise to a higher level, they crash. These people rely on a short list of some basic strategies that help them win. These poker strategies are great at playing small bets, but they lose their full potential when you start playing against stronger players. The ability to cope with more complex games requires a complete revision of his way of thinking and approach to the game.
Poker strategies: the first one – play with small pairs
In low-limit games, small pocket pairs do an excellent job. There is a good chance to limp and see the flop for a small price. Opponents with a top pair will often pay you at least on two streets if you catch a set from the flop. More aggressive opponents can play hard draws that most often beat top couples, so you can make good money on them.For example, on a flop like Qh8h5s, your opponent may expect you to rise with a wide range of hands, including many draws. In such circumstances, you can make someone pay your set of fives. But on the flop like Kh3d2s, there is no particular sense from a raise. So if you want to rise with a set of triples, or twos, you also have to adapt and include in your range a series of bluffs on such a board, which is done by an extremely small number of players. Of course, if you didn’t particularly plan your ranges, then showing too much power in the hand is not too difficult, which is why even a strong opponent can fold.
But the problem with small pairs in serious games is that they lose all their value if you fail to catch a set from the flop. Strong contenders are unlikely to give you the opportunity to bluff them. Yes, and to showdown on the cheap you will not reach with your pair, especially if there is a chance that your pair will win. If you don’t catch a set in a difficult game, then a small pair becomes one of the worst hands in your range on almost any flop. Too often you will have to check and fold, so you can hardly get a profit from this hand.
The second strategy: fold in response to large stakes
In games with small bets, this approach is almost mandatory. If your opponent bets too much on the turn, or river – you fold. Obviously, you will not fold the nuts, or a combo draw. But if you have a pair or medium pair, or something else of similar value, and your opponent makes a big bet, you fold. Most players at small bets prefer to refrain from big bluffs which mean that more often you will lose. That’s all. Even if you have seen someone once or twice playing a bluff in a similar situation, it is still preferable to fold in response to big bets. Because in order to call, you need to know that the opponent will bluff in at least 25-35% of cases. Only a very small number of players on small bets are bluffing so often when they make a big bet on the turn or river. This means that you should throw off all the anti-bluffs in response to these bets in weak games.
But if you with this approach will climb into more complex games, then you just get into the meat grinder. In hard poker games, players bluff. And some just love to play big bluffs, so they make them almost as often as value-beta. In any event, most players in difficult games (even the weakest of them) will immediately notice that you practically do not call their big bets. Therefore, bluff after bluff will fly to your side.
Some useful poker tips
All professionals once were completely inexperienced too. Basics that you definitely need to apply in your game to become a strong player and succeed. Sometimes it’s difficult for a beginner to deal with all the information about poker that can be found on the Internet today. And you just want to find clear, simple, specific advice, written in understandable language and applicable in real life.
The right start in poker is very important. It is during this period that you will form poker habits and skills that will be needed in the future if you develop the wrong habits in your game. It will be very difficult for you to get rid of them in the future, and they will seriously harm your results in the distance. Therefore, in this article we will discuss the basic tips for novice players that will help organize the right start of a poker career.
Play a small number of hands
For beginners in poker, it is very important to learn how to play tight. That is, you need to play only relatively strong starting hands. Here is a basic rule that will help you play 6 and 9 player cash games:
- 6max – top 20% of starting hands
- 9max – top 15% of starting hands
To make it easier for you to figure out what exactly are the ranges of 20% and 15% of starting hands. All hands marked in yellow are those that are recommended to be played. That is, in practice, this means that you will have to fold 80-85% of the starting hands that you receive at the beginning of the hand. This may seem unrealistic, but listen to this advice. There is a reason why poker beginners should better keep tight in the game. If you start to play immediately with a wider range, you will often find yourself in difficult situations and will be forced to make difficult decisions. You can get into a situation where you get into the top pair or even in a flush, and your opponent will have a kicker older or flush older. So come to grips with the fact that at the beginning of your poker career you will have to fold, and do it very often.
Be aggressive with your hands playing
So, you know the approximate range of starting hands that you are recommended to play. How exactly do you need to play them? The answer is one – aggressively. This means that it is advisable for you to go in for a raise. If you are the first player to go into the hand after the blinds, do not limp, be sure to rise. I would recommend you rise to 3 BB online. And in live poker you can bet more.Do not allow yourself to play passively; an aggressive game will help you immediately take control of the distribution into your own hands. And then on the flop you can continue your aggression, and very often you win the bank without further struggle.
Play against weak poker players
There is an important key to success in the poker world – look for weaker players and play with them as many hands as possible. You can often hear phrases like “sweet table”, “profitable game”. It means that there are a lot of weak players at the table – fish or recreational players, as they are called. These are players who play a lot more than 20% of starting hands: some generally play with “any two”. And they often go into the game and limp play post-flop passively.
In poker, it is against such rivals that you will receive the maximum profit, because they constantly make big mistakes. Against experienced tight rivals, on the contrary, it will be much more difficult for you to get profit, because they play deliberately and make much less mistakes. Therefore, it is very important to learn to look for and notice recreational players and then use their weaknesses. And this will help you to the selection-selection, which is an essential skill for any poker professional.
Do not get carried away bluff
A very important moment when playing against weak players is not to bluff them often. And there is an obvious reason for this – such players adore calling, and will often open your bluff even with very weak hands. If you rose pre-flop, you can often make a bet on the flop, and this will not be a mistake. But if your bet is called, you need to be able to stop on time. Do not blindly put barrels on the turn and the river, especially if you have nothing at all. Many players spend big money trying to bluff weaker players. It is very important to have discipline and learn how to just play a check or fold at all when you have nothing at all and you are opposed by an auto-caller. So you lose a lot less and can win in another hand.
Often put value for money
Excellent quality of poker – for every yin there is a yang. In other words, each minus corresponds to a plus. And if weak players like to call so much and therefore it’s almost unrealistic to bluff against them, there is a plus in this – you can always value and they will call them. If you are confronted by a recreational player whose favorite action is calling, do not be afraid to overdo it with value bets. Often he will call you for the younger pair and even ace-high. So if you have a top pair or even a medium pair with a strong kicker, it’s your time for value fans. These players will be great sources of profit for you, and this is the main reason why you have to play a lot against weak players. The fiches will play very wide ranges and will gladly pay you your frequent values.
Play exclusively within your bankroll
This is one of the fundamental tips for beginning players – play on your bankroll. What is a bankroll, you may ask? This is the total amount of money you have allocated exclusively for poker. This applies to both offline and online. There is an obvious reason for this – up-striks and down-streams (so-called swings) are typical for poker. There is even a technical term that characterizes the variability of poker – dispersion. Sometimes you can lose 5 buying in one session. If your bankroll consisted of only five BI, you would lose everything in one session and could not afford to continue playing. This is a common mistake for novice players to take risks, to enter a more expensive game than their bankroll allows and to lose everything.
Make sure you know all the rules well
In poker, as in any other game, one cannot do without knowing all the rules. First you need to learn how to deal with combinations, to understand “what beats what.” That is, you should understand, as 2×2 = 4 that a flush beats a straight, and a full house beats them both. But that’s not all, you have to deal with bets, showdowns, side banks, various tournament formats, etc.
For training in the modern poker world there are many different resources – from books and forums, to training videos and analysis of hands. If you prefer playing online, you can start taking your first steps in poker from gambling. There is nothing shameful about it. We all once started and learned combinations. And there is nothing wrong with doing it on tables with conditional money, where you will not risk anything. All poker rooms online offer a game for conditional money. But remember that there you can’t win real money. And the goal of every professional grinder is to earn poker. Therefore, as soon as you understand the basics and feel comfortable, go to the game for real money. Otherwise, you can get stuck in a safe game on conditional chips for a very long time, and lose valuable time.There is a mistake that is very common with novice inexperienced players – they love to play draws and are willing to pay a lot for them. It is important to understand the concepts of basic poker mathematics, and above all with the pot odds. You can only call your wood hand if the pot odds allow. That is, your equity (chances of winning a winning hand) should be higher than the current pot odds.